Archive for August 2016


Check out these Tenants Rights images:

Tenants Rights
Image by Michael Fleshman
Residents of three adjacent buildings in the Sunset Park section of Brooklyn are on rent strike to protest horrendous and dangerous living conditions. .
Residents and supporters, including Occupy Sunset Park, toccupied the office of state Assembly Rep Felix Ortiz, demanding action after past commitments went unmet. Ortiz’s staff threatened the group, including yours truly, with arrest unless we vacated, and police arrived. Tenants finally left after tenants association president Sarah Gomez worked out an agreement with Assemblyman Ortiz and police.

Tenants Rights
Image by Michael Fleshman
Residents of three adjacent buildings in the Sunset Park section of Brooklyn are on rent strike to protest horrendous and dangerous living conditions. They marched to the office of City Council Representative Sarah Gonzalez, only to discover it shuttered for redecorating. Indefinitely.
Residents and supporters, including Occupy Sunset Park, then occupied the office of state Assembly Rep Felix Ortiz, demanding action after past commitments went unmet. Ortiz’s staff threatened the group, including yours truly, with arrest unless we vacated, and police arrived. Tenants finally left after Ortiz agreed to meet with tenants next week.

Olin (oldest son of Ben and Myrtle Lawrence) and Edna Lawrence’s home with family members on the porch and a car in yard
Tenants Rights
Image by Kheel Center, Cornell University
Title: Olin (oldest son of Ben and Myrtle Lawrence) and Edna Lawrence’s home with family members on the porch and a car in yard

Date: 1937

Photographer: Louise Boyle

Photo ID: 5859pb2f6kp800g

Collection: Louise Boyle. Southern Tenant Farmers Union Photographs, 1937 and 1982

Repository: The Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives in the ILR School at Cornell University is the Catherwood Library unit that collects, preserves, and makes accessible special collections documenting the history of the workplace and labor relations.


Copyright: The copyright status of this image is unknown. It may also be subject to third party rights of privacy or publicity. Images are being made available for purposes of private study, scholarship, and research. The Kheel Center would like to learn more about this image and hear from any copyright owners who are not properly identified so that we may make the necessary corrections.

Tags: Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives,Cornell University Library,Children, Housing, Living Conditions

Man Invokes 5th Amendment, Cops Tell Him to “Throw all the Legal Mumbo Jumbo Out the Window”

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NYC Apartments for rent and the relation between landlords and tenants

Finding a good tenant who could take care of your NYC Apartments is not as easy as you think. You have to make sure that the tenant takes care of your apartment. There are some useful tips you need to follow to keep you apartment damage free.

You have to find out everything about the renter before renting your apartment. Find out asking the neighbours of the tenant where he lived before and ask what kind of neighbour he was and monitor the tenant thoroughly and check everything is fine than you may rent your apartment to him. Take some ideas from other owners so you can figure it out what you have to look and ask the future tenant.

You can ask the current owner about the person who is willing to rent your apartment. Find out whether he used to pay rent on time and how does he use to keep the house. Ask the previous owner about any damages he made during his stay in the apartment. With all these information you can think and decide to give your apartment for rent or not.

Show the damages to the tenants before if anything is already in your apartment and take all photos of all rooms and damages and make sure that your tenant was present when you are taking photos in case he accuses for showing all the wrong photos if he did any damage to your apartment in future. If tenant agrees to all the condition you made and you find the tenant looks okay and you think he could take care of your NYC Apartments than just make sure all the documents are signed properly and you can give your apartment for rent.

With the help of these few tips you can lessen your worries about your apartment and can give it for rent without any tension. Make sure all the terms between you and your tenants is perfectly fine and show your concerns clearly to the tenant definitely he will take care of the apartment.



For more information on NYC Apartments, apartments for rent in manhattan new York,Manhattan Apartments please visit the mentioned website


Image from page 807 of “The National Civic Federation review” (1905)

A few nice Tenants Rights images I found:

Image from page 807 of “The National Civic Federation review” (1905)
Tenants Rights
Image by Internet Archive Book Images
Identifier: nationalcivicfed15nati
Title: The National Civic Federation review
Year: 1905 (1900s)
Authors: National Civic Federation
Subjects: Labor and laboring classes
Publisher: New York : [The Federation]
Contributing Library: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

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Text Appearing Before Image:
eeling whic!is prevalent in Bridgeport is that a new ordof things has begun. This will go much farthtthan the housing of the middle working elaffor the lower paid worker will of necessity Iallowed to take the old house abandoned by h:ihigher paid brother worker when the new housare occupied and the opportunity will behand to revamp and better the unproductrvdark tenements for the use of the lower palworker. Our rented home units will setstandard of fairness in the matter of relatioof landlord to tenant which will reach far hyond the 2,000 home units which I have d<scribed. The effort of the housing movemerhas brought about another startling result whicwill affect the future of the appearance of thtown very largely. One of the biggest saving;banks in Bridgeport has issued among its rule1that no loan shall be made upon any new housunless the same is designed by an architectthis rule becomes general in our savings banwe shall certainly have different appearincities ten years from now.

Text Appearing After Image:
At left Entrance Apartment Building designed for the newly married. Near park, Room arrangement permits plaintifu] supply light and air. Doors and windows screened. Roof garden. At right 7-Room l!ri work of the Soviets. On one occasion after Lenine and Trotzkyne into power, Brnhebevich, the secretary ofnine, made the statement that German ar-iery and German soldiers had passed aroundtrograd on their way north. BOLSHEVIK SAME AS I. W. W. Rev. George A. Simons, superintendent ofi Methodist Episcopal Mission to Kussia sinceD7. was another witness thoroughly familiarth the country and in a position to learnings first hand. His sensational testimonyr

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Image from page 272 of “Bird lore” (1899)
Tenants Rights
Image by Internet Archive Book Images
Identifier: birdlore211919nati
Title: Bird lore
Year: 1899 (1890s)
Authors: National Committee of the Audubon Societies of America National Association of Audubon Societies for the Protection of Wild Birds and Animals National Audubon Society
Subjects: Birds Birds Ornithology
Publisher: New York City : Macmillan Co.
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Biodiversity Heritage Library

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y night,and every day used the sides for his drum. We thought he was only an oldtramp, till we found he had a wife and family in an apple limb two trees away,and used our box only as an annex. But soon he became overwhelmingly busywith an obstreperous crowd of small replicas of himself, who wanted very muchto come out of the hole but never quite dared. They silenced his hurrahingshout and made him merely humdrum and business-like, as dull as any com-muter. A pair of White-breasted Swallows found a home in the hulk of an old toyboat which had been fixed up for Martins, and they were nearly the most amus-ing of all. The poor flustered bride could never tell which of the four roomswas hers and spent hours of unnecessary labor carrying feathers and strawsinto all of them, while her husband sat idle but interested on a telephone wire.The hole they had chosen was in the stern, but the prospective mother vacillatedlong between that and the one in the bow, having succeeded after many failures

Text Appearing After Image:
rilK HLUEBiRDS- HOME in eliminating the other two. She had made five trips in succession to thewrong hole, always hovering uncertainly before the right one, when her ex-asperated lord and master, with excited twitterings, called her out and escortedher to the stern. After that we noticed no more mistakes. It was a slow time till the eggs were hatched, but then slow no longer. Wecounted twenty feedings in forty minutes, and from occasional observationsare inclined to think that this was the rate for most of the day. Both parents 236 Bird – Lore were hard at work now, and not many weeks were passed before the hole wascrowded with small white throats and gaping yellow mouths, and then in afew days empty again and Swallows and twitterings were no more. Since the Swallows had appropriated the Martin-box, there was nothingfor it but to build a new eight-room cottage for these hypothetical tenants.This was set up on a pole and promptly occupied by English Sparrows. Everyday there was a nest

Note About Images
Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

Reverend Blackstone inducts a new STFU member
Tenants Rights
Image by Kheel Center, Cornell University
Title: Reverend Blackstone inducts a new STFU member

Date: 1937

Photographer: Louise Boyle

Photo ID: 5859pb2f22ep800g

Collection: Louise Boyle. Southern Tenant Farmers Union Photographs, 1937 and 1982

Repository: The Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives in the ILR School at Cornell University is the Catherwood Library unit that collects, preserves, and makes accessible special collections documenting the history of the workplace and labor relations.


Copyright: The copyright status of this image is unknown. It may also be subject to third party rights of privacy or publicity. Images are being made available for purposes of private study, scholarship, and research. The Kheel Center would like to learn more about this image and hear from any copyright owners who are not properly identified so that we may make the necessary corrections.

Tags: Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives,Cornell University Library,African Americans, Religion, Farm Workers, Ceremonies

What You Can Do When Tenants Are Late With Rent

If you are renting out a property which you own or are managing a property being rented out, the matter of collecting rent will be a major concern for you. To make this regular, monthly task a more manageable one, you should have standard procedures before taking in a renter and while renting out the space.

Make a background check

Conduct an informal background check on a potential renter before allowing him or her to move into your place. Check on a person’s employment, previous address, billings, credit standing, and creditworthiness. This will detect why and when tenants are late with rent. If the renter wasn’t directly referred by a reliable person, find out more during your initial talk to get an idea of this person’s lifestyle and habits. Weigh whether you two can get along and whether your tenant can abide by the policies you set.

Set the ground rules

Early on, you as the landlord should set the ground rules and implement it consistently. Lay down details on how you would like the payments to be, how often they will be collected, and what happens when tenants are late with rent if ever they go beyond the grace period and all your personal graces. Agree on a mutually reasonable and achievable date for collecting rent. Rules should apply to all your tenants and must be put in writing. Furnish each tenant with a copy and have it signed and received. You can always refer to this if ever a problem arises.

Say what you mean

If your tenants are late with rent and neglect or fail to fulfill his part of the bargain, make some follow-up calls. In the first place, a conscientious tenant would have made the first move to approach you if he or she foresees not making the rent payment on time. If the tenant has been consistently paying on time and in full for the past 6 months, it would be humane and reasonable to disregard the delay in payment for now. However, do not allow this to become habitual and a special consideration every time.

Mean what you say

If the problem persists and certain tenants are already defaulting through non-payment, issue them with reminder notices. Document these with date, time, and signature. It may take several tries before the tenant positively responds with an actual payment especially when the person has difficulties financially. Should the tenant evade you or blatantly refuse to pay up, proceed with an eviction notice based on your state laws.

Not every landlord is heartless and longs to go through this bothersome and expensive ordeal. However, this could be your only way of collecting the rent that is due you or the one you are managing the place for. It’s all part of the job and nothing personal to it. It could ease the way for a delinquent tenant to vacate the space and let it be leased to a safer, better tenant. Your other tenants could learn from the experience that you say what you mean and mean what you say.

Learn more about Real Estates by taking time to look at Gilbert Homes for Sale and Florence AZ Homes.

5 scenarios where “double jeopardy” does not apply

A former Los Angeles prosecutor explains the 5 key situations where double jeopardy does not apply. These include criminal and civil charges arising out of the same conduct; state and federal prosecutions for the same conduct; DMV administrative hearings in a DUI case; and pretrial proceedings such as a preliminary hearing.

Double jeopardy is the legal principal, rooted in the Fifth Amendment, that a person cannot be tried for the same crime more than once. But for double jeopardy to apply (for “jeopardy to attach”) the trial against the accused must have actually started. In a jury trial, this means the jury is selected and sworn. In a court trial, it means the first witness has been sworn in.

But double jeopardy does not apply to pretrial proceedings such as a preliminary hearing.

More info at

or call (888) 327-4652 for a free consultation.

If you or a loved one is charged with a crime we invite you to contact us at Shouse Law Group. We can provide a free consultation in office or by phone. We have local offices in Los Angeles, the San Fernando Valley, Pasadena, Long Beach, Orange County, Ventura, San Bernardino, Rancho Cucamonga, Riverside, San Diego, Sacramento, Oakland, San Francisco, San Jose and throughout California.
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Cool Tenants Rights images

Some cool Tenants Rights images:

Dundrum – Dublin
Tenants Rights
Image by infomatique
Dundrum is effectively a suburb of Dublin even though it is a town in its own right.

In 1971, Dundrum was one of the earliest locations in Ireland to open a purpose-built shopping centre (the first being in Stillorgan). A much bigger shopping centre opened just south of Dundrum on 3 March 2005. Known as Dundrum Town Centre it contains within the complex one of the largest cinemas in Ireland, opened in early October 2005.

The plans for the old shopping centre includes space for hotels, apartments and more retail outlets. However this has been postponed and the older retail units have been leased to new tenants such as Lidl.

When the Normans arrived in 1169, a series of fortifications were built around Dublin. A castle was built in Dundrum as part of this series of outer fortifications around the 13th century. Later in 1590, a newer castle was built by Richard Fitzwilliam as part of a strategic line of castles within the Pale. The original village clustered around Dundrum Castle and was considered a rural defensive outpost against assaults and raids from Irish tribes and families such as the O’Tooles and the O’Byrnes.

In 1619, a relation by the name of William Fitzwilliam was granted the castle in recognition of his bravery and courage while defending against these assaults and his family held onto the Fitzwilliam seat until 1790. The castle was never reoccupied and exists today as ruins overlooking the Dundrum Bypass and the new shopping centre. Recent excavations in 1989 recovered green glazed pottery known as "Leinster Ware", shells from oysters and cockles, animal bones, and shards of pottery from Saintongue in France probably used for storing wine.

The arrival of Richard Fitzwilliam and the building of the castle established commercial activity in the region. The village was well known for "The Manor Mill" where corn was ground into flour. An overflow waterfall was also used by a paper mill and an iron works.

In 1813, the original Roman Catholic church on Main Street was built. It was replaced by a larger building in 1878 and marked when Dundrum was constituted a separate parish. A large extension was built in 1956. The church is built in a gothic style from Dublin granite with Portland and Bath stone used for the surrounds of windows and doors.

In 1818, Christ Church on Taney Road was opened as a replacement for a smaller church that stood on the same site. Selling pew sites raised funding for the new building, and the sale of 18 pews on the ground and 8 on the gallery raised nearly £400. The architect for the new church was William Farrell. Walter Bourne was born in 1795 in Dublin. He died on 19 Nov 1881 in Taney House. He married Louisa Arabella Minchin in 1821.

The village expanded greatly after the arrival of the Dublin and South Eastern Railway (DSER) in 1854. By 1876, the Manor Mill became a Laundry and was the largest employer of female labour in the region, The Laundry hooter was a regular and well-loved sound in its day, and would sound at 7.50am for thirty seconds, then at 8am to start work, and also at 13.50, 14.00, and finally at 16.50 and 17.00.

In 1893, a Dublin solicitor named Trevor Overend purchased an 18th-century farmhouse. Today, this building is named Airfield House and is open to the public.

The Dun Emer Press was founded at Dundrum by Elizabeth Yeats, assisted by her brother William Butler Yeats, in 1903.

In 1914, a Carnegie Library was opened by the then Lord Chancellor. Originally, the library was used as an entertainment facility for the community and the upper floor was equipped with a stage and even a kitchen. The building was also used as a school until the 1950s.

311-317 K Street NW
Tenants Rights
Image by NCinDC
Commercial properties located at 311–317 K Street NW in the Mount Vernon Triangle neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Tenants include AA Auto Enterprise (311), World Class Cuts (315), and Henry’s Soul Cafe (317).

The former row houses – example: 315 K Street NW (center) was built in 1890 for ,400, and originally served as the residence of Ellen Walsh – are examples of a restrained style of Italianate architecture.

The garage visible on the right-hand side was the residence of German-American sculptor Jacques Jouvenal (1829–1905), whose works include the Benjamin Franklin statue located in front of the Old Post Office Pavilion, the bust of Aaron Burr in the Senate Vice Presidential Bust Collection, and the Peter Force monument in Rock Creek Cemetery.

Image from page 665 of “Cassell’s natural history” (1854)
Tenants Rights
Image by Internet Archive Book Images
Identifier: cassellsnaturalh00newy
Title: Cassell’s natural history
Year: 1854 (1850s)
Subjects: Birds
Publisher: New York : A. Montgomery
Contributing Library: American Museum of Natural History Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Biodiversity Heritage Library

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come with the voice of Spring ; We see you arrayed in the hue s of the morn, Yet ye dieam not of pride, and ye wist not of scorn ! Though rainbow-splendour around you glows. Ye vaunt not the beauty which nature bestows ; Oh ! what a lesson for glory are ye. How ye preach the grace of humilitj! Swift Bu-ds that skim oer the stormy deep,Who steadily onward your journey keep,Who neither for vest nor for slumber stay,But press still forward, by niglit or day— 630 THE FEATHERED TRlliRS. As in your unwearyiiif;: rourso yc flyBeneath tlio clear and incIouded skj-;Oil ! may we, without delay, like you,The path of dnty and right pursue. Sweet Biids that breathe the .spirit of song,And surround Heavens gate in melodious throng,AVho rise with the earliest beams of day,Your morning tribute of thanks to pay ;You remind us that we should likewise raiseThe voiee of devotion and song of praise ;Theres something about ycju that points on high,Ye beautiful tenants of earth and sk^-! ^.vSi^^if^^^^t:

Text Appearing After Image:
V [I E F A 0 E. Among tlic favourites of our early life are some of the feathered tribes. Eventhe iufaiit is attracted to the cage of the canary, the goldfinch, and the parrot.Coleridge cites a fact of this kind as he asks the nightingale to repeat herstrain: – My dear babe, Who, capable of no articulate sound.Mars all things with his imitative lisp.How lie would j)lace his hand beside his ear.His little hand, the small furc-finj;(er up,And bid us listen. We cannot fail to admire his purpose to blend true knowledge Avith the interestthus evinced, rendering the one a firm foundation for the other, as he adds: I deem it wise To make him Xatures playnuite ; and, doubtless, a rich reward awaits that parent who occasionally takeshis child from spot to spot, to look at the birds which find there a dwelling-place ; and to talk over the details of their structure, the form and contents ofthe nest, and the diversified and marvellous appliances of instinctive power. With such an object, instead

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Latest Signing A Commercial Lease News

29b – Russell Residence – 2263 S Hobart Blvd – Official Address (E)
Signing a Commercial Lease
Image by Kansas Sebastian
West Adams Heights

“Nowadays we scarcely notice the high stone gates which mark the entrances on Hobart, Harvard, and Oxford streets, south of Washington Boulevard. For one thing, the traffic is too heavy, too swift; and then, again, the gates have been obscured by intrusions of shops and stores. At the base of the stone pillars appears the inscription “West Adams Heights.” There was a time when these entranceways were formidable and haughty, for they marked the ways to one of the first elite residential areas in Los Angeles. . . In the unplanned early-day chaos of Los Angeles, West Adams Heights was obviously something very special, an island in an ocean of bungalows—approachable, but withdrawn and reclusive—one of the few surviving examples of planned urban elegance of the turn of the century.”

– Carey McWilliams, “The Evolution of Sugar Hill,” Script, March, 1949: 30.

Today West Adams Heights is still obviously something special. The past sixty years, however, have not been kind. In 1963 the Santa Monica Freeway cut through the heart of West Adams Heights, dividing the neighborhood, obscuring its continuity. In the 1970’s the city paved over the red brick streets and removed the ornate street lighting. After the neighborhood’s zoning was changed to a higher density, overzealous developers claimed several mansions for apartment buildings. Despite these challenges, however, “The Heights,” as the area was once known, has managed to regain some of its former elegance.

The West Adams Heights tract was laid out in 1902, in what was then a wheat field on the western edge of town. Although the freeway now creates an artificial barrier, the original neighborhood boundaries were Adams Boulevard, La Salle Ave, Washington Boulevard, and Western Avenue. Costly improvements were integrated into the development, such as 75-food wide boulevards (which were some of the first contoured streets not to follow the city grid), lots elevated from the sidewalk, ornate street lighting, and large granite monuments with red-brass electroliers at the entrance to every street. These upgrades increased the lot values, which helped ensure the tract would be an enclave for the elite.

One early real estate ad characterized the neighborhood stating: “West Adams Heights needs no introduction to the public: it is already recognized as being far superior to any other tract. Its high and slightly location, its beautiful view of the city and mountains make t a property unequaled by any other in the city.”

The early residents’ were required to sign a detailed restrictive covenant. This hand-written document required property owners to build a “first-class residence,” of at least two stories, costing no less than two-thousand dollars (at a time when a respectable home could be built for a quarter of that amount, including the land), and built no less than thirty-five feet from the property’s primary boundary. Common in early twentieth century, another clause excluded residents from selling or leasing their properties to non-Caucasians.

By the mid 1930’s, however, most of the restrictions had expired. Between 1938 and 1945 many prominent African-Americans began to make “The Heights” their home. According to Carey McWilliams, West Adams Heights became known “Far and wide as the famous Sugar Hill section of Los Angeles,” and enjoyed a clear preeminence over Washington’s smart Le Droit Park, St. Louis’s Enright Street, West Philadelphia, Chicago’s Westchester, and Harlem’s fabulous Sugar Hill.

West Adams Heights, now also known as Sugar Hill, played a major role in the Civil Rights movement in Los Angeles. In 1938 Norman Houston, president of the Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Company, and an African-American, purchased a home at 2211 South Hobart Boulevard. Legal Action from eight homeowners quickly ensued. During that period, other prominent African-Americans began to make Sugar Hill their home – including actress Hattie McDaniels, dentists John and Vada Summerville, actress Louise Beavers, band leader Johnny Otis, and performers Pearl Baily and Ethel Waters, and many more. On December 6, 1945, the “Sugar Hill Cases” were heard before Judge Thurmond Clark, in LA Superior Court. He made history by become the first judge in America to use the 14th Amendment to disallow the enforcement of covenant race restrictions. The Los Angeles Sentinel quoted Judge Clark: “This court is of the opinion that it is time that [African-Americans] are accorded, without reservations and evasions, the full rights guaranteed them under the 14th Amendment.” Gradually, over the last century people of nearly ever background have made historic West Adams their home.

The northern end of West Adams Heights is now protected as part of the Harvard Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone (HPOZ). The Historic West Adams area of Los Angeles (which includes West Adams Heights) boasts the highest concentration of turn-of-the-century homes west of the Mississippi, as well as the highest concentration of National Historic Landmarks, National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Districts, State Historic Landmarks, Los Angeles Cultural-Historic Monuments, and Historic Preservation Overlay Zones in the city. The entirety of West Adams Heights should be nominated as a National Register Historic District, for the quality of homes, the prominence of the architects, notoriety of the people who lived in the neighborhood, and the role it played in civil rights.

Perhaps a quote adapted from a fireplace mantle in the Frederick Rindge mansion best symbolizes the optimism which exists in West Adams: “California Shall be Ours as Long as the Stars Remain.”

19 – James G & Rose Ganahl Donovan Residence – 2179 W 20th St, Moved from 2202 S Western Ave – 1903 – Robert Brown Young

James Donovan began as an apprentice to a watch maker in Aurora, IL, working his way up to Lead Mechanic and an eventual partner in the company, before branching into jewelry on his own. Accompanied by his sister in 1894 he came to Los Angeles for a month’s long vacation. At the end he decided to stay one more week – then three more months – and then founded to stay. He began Donovan & Seaman’s Co on Spring St, near Temple, when it was the heart of the LA’s shopping district. He later moved the store to 3rd & Spring St, then 7th & Broadway. When he built his residence, he chose a prominent location, placing it directly in front of the Berkeley Square gates, on the southeast corner of Western Ave and 22nd St. The home was designed by R B Young in a Transitional Victorian/Craftsman style, leaning more toward the Victorian. Young was a prolific architect in Los Angeles, designing many homes and office buildings, including the Vickery-Brunswig Building, San Fernando Building and Clifton’s Brookdale. The house was moved to its present location in 1929 as Western Ave transitioned to a commercial thoroughfare and the street was widened.

20 – Paul W Hoffmann Residence – 1926 S Western Ave – 1904

Charles Albert Rockwell was a partner in the building firm Martin & Rockwell, and through his company built several houses in West Adams Heights, on Western Avenue, including: 1926, 1962 and 2020 S Western Ave. He himself lived at 1962 S Western Ave before moving down the street to 2020 S Western Ave. This Transitional Craftsman/Victorian house he sold to Paul Hoffmann, dealing in loans and real estate. While most of the houses along the commercial corridors have vanished, this house and a few others, have managed to survive mostly intact.

21 – Ellis Doughl and Alphonso Barmann Residence – 1934 S Western Ave – 1905

A 1905 property permit to the building firm Pool & Jones suggests this is one of the few properties in West Adams Heights built on spec (speculation of a perspective buyer). The home was purchased by Ellis Doughl – who may or may not have lived on the property. In 1911 Newton H Foster, a junior clerk for the Santa Fe, appears to be renting the property, and in 1912 the property is sold to F Barmann for ,500. The 1915 City Directory shows Alphonso (Gen Contr), Herbert (Mach), Natalie (Tchr) and Walter (Mach) Barmann at the property. They had moved from their house on the other side of the Heights at 2047 La Salle Ave. Alphanso Barmann was given the general contract for construction of the 10 story Higgins Building in 1909. The house is Transitional Craftsman/Victorian with strong Colonial influences.

22 – Hans B & Ethyleen Nielsen Residence – 2010 S Western Ave – 1911

Built in the “Elizabethan Style” common at the time, this large Transitional Craftsman/Victorian incorporates half timbering and pebble-dash stucco into the design. It appears to have been built for Hans B and Ethyleen Nielsen.

23 – The Santa Monica Freeway – 21st to 22nd Streets – Originally called the Olympic Freeway – 1964

Like a river cutting through the heart of West Adams Heights, the Olympic Freeway as it was first called claimed approximately one-third of the homes, and some of the most significant. The entire block between 21st and 22nd Streets, on Western, Harvard, Hobart and LaSalle were demolished for the project. The prestigious “Harvard Circle” part of West Adams Heights was completely wiped off the map, with only vague and cryptic references left in newspapers and books. This canyon creates a permanent barrier in a once cohesive neighborhood. Plans for the Olympic Freeway were laid out in the 1947, coincidentally occurring a year after racial covenants were determined to be illegal and African-Americans gained the rights to live in the neighborhood. For almost 20 years, until the freeway’s completion in 1964, black leaders called on the city and the State of California to move the path of the freeway to Washington, Venice or Pico, to spare West Adams Heights, or Sugar Hill as it was becoming known. However, the commission overseeing the project ignored them. Even Mayor Bowron participated in efforts to spare Berkeley Square and West Adams Heights, but members of the commission were unmoved. In the early 1960’s the construction equipment arrived, the houses were removed, and one of LA’s most prestigious enclaves was divided.

24 – Kate A Kelley Residence – 2205 S Hobart Blvd – 1905 – Sumner P Hunt and Arthur Wesley Eager

The architecture team of Hunt & Eager designed this home for Kate A Kelley, the widow of John Kelley. She lived there with her sister Jennie MacKay. By 1915 the house was owned by Abram C Denman, Jr., th vice president and general manager of the Southern California Iron and Steele Company. As a boarding house run by the Agape Mission, the house has fallen on hard times, with stucco, an enclosed porch and aluminum windows. But with some time, money and love, the house could be restored.

25 – John & Gertrude D Kahn and Norman O & Edythe Houston Residence – 2211 S Hobart Blvd – 1911 – Milwaukee Building Company

The Kahn-Houston Residence is arguably one of the most important houses in West Adams Heights. It deserves to be a National Register of Historic places. Unfortunately, at this time (2014) its fate is uncertain. The Agape Mission, which has run an illegal boarding house from the property and from 2205 S Hobart, has recently been closed and both properties appear to be in receivership. This house is so important to the historic fabric of the community because it was the home of Norman O Houston, President of the Golden State Mutual – an insurance company for black Americans who could not obtain insurance from white-owned companies at an affordable price. See the Wikipedia article: In 1938 Houston (then Vice-President) purchased the home. Wealthy white owners of the neighborhood prevented him from living in his home by re-establishing the “West Adams Heights Improvement Association,” and attempting to codify the rule preventing non-Caucasians from owning or renting property. In 1945 Norman Houston and the other black property owners won the right in court to legally live in the neighborhood. The house had been originally built for John Kahn, an early pioneer to Los Angeles who first came to Oakland, CA, around 1889 with his brother and opened a dry goods store. John moved to Los Angeles 3 years later and opened a large store in the ground floor of the Nadeau Hotel at 1st & Spring. Around 1897 he sold the enterprise and in 1899 incorporated with Jakob Beck to form Kahn-Beck, manufacturing food stuff, including: “All kinds of candy, macaroni and pastas of all kinds.” The company then grew into one of the largest biscuit making companies as the Kahn-Beck Cracker Company, or Kahn Beck Biscuit Company, and Angelus Biscuit Company. John Kahn passed in 1919. The house built in 1911 by the Milwaukee Building Company is in an avant-garde Spanish/Prairie style.

26 – James D & May C Smith and Louise Beavers-Moore & LeRoy C Moore Residence – 2219 S Hobart Blvd – 1904 – Frank M Tyler

For his first home in West Adams Heights, pioneer real estate developer Richard D Richards commissioned Frank M Tyler to build a 16-room English-styled mansion in 1904. Richards sold the property to James D Smith two years later, moving to another Tyler mansion at 2237 S Hobart Blvd and then to 2208 S Western Ave, where the Richards family lived until 1925. James Smith was proprietor of the James Smith & Co, a clothing store of the finest “ready-made” Franklin Brand clothing for men, established in 1902. For years the company operated from the Bryson Block, before relocating to the more fashionable Broadway. In the early 1940’s Louise Beavers joined Norman Houston (2211 S Hobart Ave) and Hattie McDaniel (2203 S Harvard Blvd) in the Heights. Louise Beavers was a talented actress, acclaimed for her role in Imitation of Life as Delilah. Louise was married to her second husband, LeRoy C Moore in 1952. LeRoy was a well-known interior decorator. Together the two lived at this house until Louise’s death in October, 1962, and LeRoy’s death four months later in February, 1963. At first glass the Smith-Beavers Residence appears to be completely remodeled, but comparing it to original renderings little has changed. The front left dormer is missing and at some point someone thought it would be a good idea to cover the house in Sears siding (the original siding is probably underneath). But other than having been divided, the house’s integrity remains intact.

27 – Ellen H (Mrs. Melville Morton) Johnston and Curtis & Ellen Williams Residence (Demolished) – 2237 S Hobart Blvd – 1906 – Frank M Tyler

The second residence in West Adams Heights built for Richard D and Cynthia J Richards, in 1906, has been replaced with a 1950’s apartment building. The first Richards home was located at 2219 S Hobart Blvd (the Smith-Beavers Residence). They lived at this house less than two years before relocating to 2208 S Western Ave, where the couple lived out their lives. This home was sold to Ellen H Johnston (Mrs Melville Morton). Melville Morton Johnston may have died April 3, 1892. If I’ve researched the correct person, he was originally from Clifton, Stanton Island, New York. (I mean, how many men named Melville Morton Johnston can there be? Right?) In 1911 Mrs. Johnson sold the house to Curtis Williams. Curtis died at the home in 1959, at the age of 89. Curtis Williams was a pioneering lumberman who came to Los Angeles in 1895. He was born in Oakland and reared in San Diego. He was an early member of the Los Angeles Country Club, the Jonathan Club, and University Club. The house was a rustic Transitional Victorian/Craftsman, having both elements, designed by Frank M. Tyler. It was a perfectly balanced house, whose presence looks more like it would have been designed by John Austin.

28 – Benjamin Johnson Residence – 2241 S Hobart Blvd – 1909 – G A Howard, Jr.

In 1909 Benjamin Johnson commissioned G A Howard to build this charming Transitional Craftsman/Victorian in an English Style. The cost in 1909 was a mere ,000. As president of the Los Angeles Public Market Co (a company owned by Pacific Electric), he could well afford the cost – as well as a domestic, cook and chauffeur. What he could not afford, however, was a scandal involving his under-aged rebel daughter Estelle. In 1914, on a return trip from finishing school in Washington, DC, after a brief visit to her grandfather in Chicago. For eluded reasons, she was hastily married to Mr. Terrance Ryan. To employ his new son-in-law, Mr. Johnson purchased a produce company and gave Mr. Ryan a position and a promise of a bungalow. This appears not to have been enough, and the Johnsons were forced to petition the courts for the divorce of their daughter and Mr. Ryan on grounds he could not provide. The Johnsons must have been scandalized when the entire affair was laid out in the Los Angeles Times society pages.

29 – John Newton & Annie Berdella Evans Russell Jr. Residence – 2263 S Hobart Blvd – 1906

Above the portico of this residence is the address “2249” S Hobart Blvd, however its legal address (according to the tax assessor’s maps) is actually 2263 S Hobart. The confusion is understandable. The property sits on three lots from what would have been 2249 (where the house actually sits) to the actual address of 2263 (which is the furthest lot south from the house). At this time the architect is unknown, but shows the adept hand of someone like Robert D. Farquar, who designed the John and Dora Haynes mansion on Figueroa in a similar style (demolished), or B. Cooper Corbett, responsible for the magnificent Denker Mansion on Adams Blvd. The house is an Italian Villa, in a Florentine style, years before the practice of designing thematic houses became popular in Los Angeles. This was the home of John Newton Russell, Jr., an insurance man. He was raised mostly in Waco, TX, before moving to Los Angeles with his father, also in the insurance business. Russell ran the Colorado branches of the Frederick Rindge’s Conservative Life Company, before the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. When the company was absorbed into Pacific Mutual, and moved to Los Angeles, Russell was recalled from Colorado to run the “Home Office.” Mr. Russell continued his success in the insurance industry, just as his wife enjoyed great social success. In 1942, their son, John Henry Russell, established the John Newton Russell Memorial Award, as a tribute to his father and mentor, recognizing the accomplishments and contributions of made by an individual in the insurance industry. This is the highest honor awarded by the National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors (NAIFA), given each year. NAIFA is one of the nation’s oldest and largest associations representing professionals in the insurance and financial industries.

American Signing

Signing refers to the gestures among folks with the aim of communicating with other people without speaking. There are a lot of reasons for using signing. And signing is not only popularly used by deaf people and people with impaired hearing, but also for individulas who want to create an easier life and job. Signing is also used to connect people in a family with a deaf one. Regardless of the situation, signing language is very useful for you as it can helps improve your way of life.


Finger spelling is probably the most typical signing amongst people who hear. Signing with fingers is a representation of numbers and the alphabet by way of hand use only. This particular communication tends to be completed by doing particular motions with the hands. An easy kind happens to be tracing an alphabet letter. However, appropriate signing with fingers uses certain gestures and hand movements to communicate the letter of the alphabet.


The American Sign Language alphabet is originally established by French sign. American signing got standardized for use within America via Thomas Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc during the early 1700s. However, the initial book on signs, not American Sign Language, which had information concerning using fingers to spell, was printed in 1620 by Juan Pablo Bonet.


These days, ordinarily sign languages are used for educating the deaf. In historic times, sign happened to be used among numerous religious groups and communities for communicating within their group. Also, these movements were being performed in order to interact secretively while they were among different individuals. In addition, some people state many communities and religious groups adopted an assortment of motions to be able to employ so when observing vows of silence they were still able to communicate.


George Dalgarno, during the late 17th century, presented a method of deaf education known as arthrological alphabet. In this particular signing, alphabet letters are indicated via pointing to the palm of the left hand and different finger joints. This specific method continues to be used among a number of individuals.


Another common usage for sign languages will be mnemonics. Mnemonics refers to a thing which is used as an aid to assist in memorizing objects. It has been found frequent utilization on behalf of signing can greatly aid in enhancing a mind. Gaining experience in sign is enormously useful to assist children and adults enhance their mind.


One form of mnemonics happens to be when a child remembers objects as a result of utilizing American signing. Training babies that are 6 months of age specific gestures can help them learn vocal languages and communicate more quickly compared to other children. At about seven months of age, an infant who is educated with sign languages has the ability to begin interacting through motions. This particular age is lots earlier compared to what time youngsters typically start to be able to communicate. But, it is valuable to be able to be sure that you do not teach a child a lot too soon.

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